From AnthroWiki

Zebedee (Hebrewזְבַדְיָה zəvadjāh "Gift of Yahweh"; GreekΖεβεδαῖος Zebedaios) was, according to the account of all four Gospels of the New Testament, the father of the two "sons of Zebedee" James and John, who were also called the Sons of Thunder (GreekΒοανηργές Boanerges) because of their fiery temperament and their fiery power of speech.

According to Rudolf Steiner, John Zebedee is not identical with the favourite disciple of Christ, who later became the author of the Gospel of John as John the Evangelist. Rather, he was the raised Lazarus. John Zebedee had only acted as Lazarus' placeholder until his inauguration and had not been an apostle in the true sense.

„Among the twelve apostles, Lazarus-Johannes himself is again represented, as it were, by another. John, the brother of James and son of Zebedee, is not an apostle in the proper sense. James and John are in a certain sense one, they represent among the more intimate disciples of the Christ Jesus the power of the intellectual or mind soul, which has a double function in man, but is nevertheless a unity. Hence they are called "sons of thunder", for thunder is macrocosmically the same as thought is in the human microcosm. But when Lazarus becomes John, he takes the place of the one son of Zebedee, and as such he is the one who lay at the breast of Jesus at the Last Supper.“ (Lit.:GA 264, p. 232f)

The question is unclear whether the wife of Zebedee counted among the women under the cross in Matthew 27:56 is identical with Salome mentioned in Mark 15:40.


References to the work of Rudolf Steiner follow Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works (CW or GA), Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach/Switzerland, unless otherwise stated.
Email: verlag@steinerverlag.com URL: www.steinerverlag.com.
Index to the Complete Works of Rudolf Steiner - Aelzina Books
A complete list by Volume Number and a full list of known English translations you may also find at Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works
Rudolf Steiner Archive - The largest online collection of Rudolf Steiner's books, lectures and articles in English.
Rudolf Steiner Audio - Recorded and Read by Dale Brunsvold
steinerbooks.org - Anthroposophic Press Inc. (USA)
Rudolf Steiner Handbook - Christian Karl's proven standard work for orientation in Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works for free download as PDF.