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Lorenzo Ghiberti, Salomon meets the Queen of Saabe, Paradise Door of the Battistero di San Giovanni (1425ff).

Solomon (Hebrewשלמה Shlom:o, connected with שָׁלֵם shalem "whole, complete, intact" or שָׁלוֹם shalom "peace"), also called Yedidiah (Hebrewיְדִידְיָהּ‎), lived in the 10th century BC and was, according to the Bible account, the third ruler of the United Kingdom of Israel after Saul and David. According to the Bible account, he had the first temple built in Jerusalem on the Temple Mount. The visit of the legendary Queen of Sheba (1 Kings 10:1–13, 2 Chronicles 9:1–9:12), reported in the Bible, also falls into this period. According to the temple legend of the Freemasons, the master builder of the temple was Hiram Abiff, who, according to Rudolf Steiner's statements, was reborn at the turn of time as Lazarus-John and later as the high initiate Christian Rosenkreuz. The apocryphal Testament of Solomon, which is considered the oldest Christian demonology, also refers to the time of the building of the temple. Later Jewish tradition also relates Solomon to Lilith.

Solomon as a Hebrew term for the spirit self

According to Steiner, Solomon, in whom all 7 members of the human being were already very perfectly predisposed, was at the same time also a Hebrew designation for the human being's spirit self:

„And finally they called this ancestor Manas or Spirit Self - because they said that such a Spirit Self must contain within itself the disposition to be inwardly complete, to be in balance - with a word that means "inner balance", "Solomon".

Thus this ancestor, who is usually only known by the name "Shelomo", "Shlomo" or "Salomo", has the three main names: Yedidiah (spirit man), Kohelet (life spirit), Solomon (spirit self); and he has the four secondary names Agur (physical body), Ben Jake (etheric body), Lamuel (astral body), Itiel (I or I-bearer), because these names signify the four sheaths, while the first three names signify the divine inner being. For the ancient Hebrew secret doctrine this personality has seven names.“ (Lit.:GA 116, p. 83)

In the Jewish Kabbalah, the spirit self, namely in its connection with the consciousness soul, is called Neshama (Hebrewנְשָׁמָה, also N'schama).

See also


References to the work of Rudolf Steiner follow Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works (CW or GA), Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach/Switzerland, unless otherwise stated.
Email: URL:
Index to the Complete Works of Rudolf Steiner - Aelzina Books
A complete list by Volume Number and a full list of known English translations you may also find at Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works
Rudolf Steiner Archive - The largest online collection of Rudolf Steiner's books, lectures and articles in English.
Rudolf Steiner Audio - Recorded and Read by Dale Brunsvold - Anthroposophic Press Inc. (USA)
Rudolf Steiner Handbook - Christian Karl's proven standard work for orientation in Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works for free download as PDF.