Samael (archangel)

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Samael (Hebrewסמאל, also Semiel, Semael, Sammane and Sammuel; etymologically mostly derived from Hebrewסמי sami "blind") is one of the seven leading archangels who are the rulers of the 7 planetary spheres. According to Rudolf Steiner, his archangel reign lasted from 1190 - 1510 A.D. He is the ruler of the Mars sphere and is often associated with its martial aspects. In Gnostic and Kabbalistic writings, the "blind god" is often seen as a demonic entity, the prince of darkness or even Satan himself. In gnosis, Samael is also one of the three names of Yaldabaoth, the evil lion-headed creator of the material world, and is probably also connected with the passage of Mars in the first half of the Earth's development. According to Agrippa von Nettesheim, this demon is one of the "four princes of the evil spirit, corruptible in the elements"[1]; the others are Mehazael, Azael and Azazel.


References to the work of Rudolf Steiner follow Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works (CW or GA), Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach/Switzerland, unless otherwise stated.
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Index to the Complete Works of Rudolf Steiner - Aelzina Books
A complete list by Volume Number and a full list of known English translations you may also find at Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works
Rudolf Steiner Archive - The largest online collection of Rudolf Steiner's books, lectures and articles in English.
Rudolf Steiner Audio - Recorded and Read by Dale Brunsvold - Anthroposophic Press Inc. (USA)
Rudolf Steiner Handbook - Christian Karl's proven standard work for orientation in Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works for free download as PDF.