From AnthroWiki
Head Study by Leonardo da Vinci
Peter Paul Rubens: Head of Medusa (c. 1617-1618)
Anatomy of the human head

The head (Latincaput; Greekκεφαλή ‘‘kephalē‘‘; Hebrewרֹאשׁ Rosh) is the centre of the nervous-sensory system in the threefold human organism. Its outer shape, which is determined by the form of the bony skull, is a result of the previous earthly incarnation. According to Rudolf Steiner, the formation of the head is very essentially connected with uric acid (Lit.:GA 348, p. 289ff).

The head as an image of the spirit

„If someone were to portray the spirit as such as a sculptor, he would actually have to study a human head that had been spiritualised through. Of course, if he is a model artist, he will not achieve anything special; but if he is not a model artist, but creates out of the spiritual, then he will produce a wonderful image of the innermost nature of the cosmic spiritual forces when he creates the human head. It is intuition, inspiration, imagination of cosmic spirituality that is present in the human head. It is as if the Godhead itself had wanted to create an image of the spiritual and had placed its head on the human being. It is therefore basically droll when men seek images of the spirit, while they have the best, the grandest, the most powerful image of the spirit, but precisely the image of the spirit, not the spirit itself, in the human head.“ (Lit.:GA 213, p. 164)

The head as a Medusa head

Main article: Head of Medusa

To clairvoyant vision, the head appears as the head of Medusa:

„For clairvoyance, however, a head is something quite different from what it appears to us in the ordinary human being. For the clairvoyant the brain is something that rises out of the head like a serpent. Every head is a Medusa's head. That is something very real. And this is the difference between the human head and the other body, that in relation to the other body the human being will only attain, through a progressive evolution, what in the case of the head is the ordinary outer thinking. In this lies even in a certain respect the strength of thinking, that man comes into the position of being able, as far as possible, to bring the brain to rest while he thinks, even into the finer, invisible movements, the nerve movements. By being able to have the brain quiet when he thinks, to have it quiet down to the finer movements, which are, so to speak, the nervous movements, thoughts become finer, calmer, more logical.“ (Lit.:GA 141, p. 113f)

The head as a product of degrading, centripetal forces

„What are the forces that work preferably in the human head and which are related to the centripetal, the compressing forces of the cosmos, what are these forces? They are those forces which are the oldest forces of our universe. Remember my descriptions in "Secret Science in Outline", how I described the old evolution of Saturn, how I had to point out that human sensual life had emerged from this evolution of Saturn. What has remained from this Saturnian evolution lies behind our sensory carpet as the cold, shivering world which has just developed out of the warmth of the beginning, into which we have to carry warmth today. That which lies behind the sensory carpet is, so to speak, the oldest of the worlds. We enter it unconsciously in the time from falling asleep to waking up. But we walk around in it all the time. It gives us everything that is connected with our senses. The centripetal forces, forming the senses from outside, as it were, work into our senses, into our eyes, into our ears, and from there into our physical mind, into that which we think. And as we go through the world thinking, we actually go through the world with that human possession which is formed for us out of this environment, that is, with the oldest forces which have now already arrived at decay. We must never forget that these are the forces that have actually already arrived at decay.

Drawing from GA 199, p. 183

One would like to say that the matter is like this: If one schematically depicts the cosmos, striving apart into the distance, but held together centripetally at this boundary, these are the oldest forces of the cosmos (see drawing). They crumble in a certain way. And out of these crumbling forces, out of these forces already passing over into death, out of these forces that have become chaos, rises that which is our understanding, that which is our human intellect.“ (Lit.:GA 199, p. 182ff)

The head as a symbol in the Apocalypse of John

Main article: Apocalypse of John

In the Apocalypse of John, however, the head is also a symbol of that which is etherically predisposed as an organ in man:

„That which is predisposed in man from the etheric is called in the language of the apocalyptic mysteries "head". This means, then, that which appears to the clairvoyant as a head. But that which is physically effected in man by some member of the etheric body is called a "horn". In the language of the mysteries, a "horn" is a very mysterious thing. That which, for example, has been physically effected in man by his having once passed through that race of the Atlantean time in which the lion was typically present as a group soul, that is called a horn. So the physical that comes from any member of the etheric body is called a "horn". A horn, for example, is the organ which is the outer physical expression of something etheric.

Now I will speak to you concretely. All physical organs of the human being are actually condensed etheric organs, have emerged from the condensed etheric body. Let us consider the human heart. It is a physical organ today, but it is condensed out of an etheric organ. This human heart of today received its disposition at that time, when man passed through the group-soul-ness, which is designated by the lion. So the heart is the "horn" of the lion's head, for when the etheric body was so far advanced that the human being appeared with the group soul symbolised in the lion's head, the disposition was formed which later became the physical heart. The present-day human physical heart developed out of this disposition of the lion-man. So, while we trace the origin of the etheric body back to the transformation of one "head" into another, to the addition of one head to another, we understand the human physical body as the addition of one "horn" to another. In fact, the human etheric body consists of "heads", the human physical body of "horns". This is the language of the Mysteries. All the organs of the human being are formed out of the etheric body, are therefore all 'horns'.“ (Lit.:GA 104, p. 188f)


Steiner big.jpg
References to the work of Rudolf Steiner follow Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works (CW or GA), Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach/Switzerland, unless otherwise stated.
Email: verlag@steinerverlag.com URL: www.steinerverlag.com.
Index to the Complete Works of Rudolf Steiner - Aelzina Books
A complete list by Volume Number and a full list of known English translations you may also find at Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works
Rudolf Steiner Archive - The largest online collection of Rudolf Steiner's books, lectures and articles in English (by Steiner Online Library).
Rudolf Steiner Audio - Recorded and Read by Dale Brunsvold
steinerbooks.org - Anthroposophic Press Inc. (USA)
Rudolf Steiner Handbook - Christian Karl's proven standard work for orientation in Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works for free download as PDF.