GA 301

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The Renewal of the Pedagogical-Didactic Art through Spiritual Science

Die Erneuerung der pädagogisch-didaktischen Kunst durch Geisteswissenschaft

Fourteen lectures for teachers from public schools, Basel 20 April to 11 May 1920.

This so-called "Basel Teachers' Course" provides an introduction to the educational foundations of the Waldorf School in Stuttgart, which was founded in 1919. It was aimed at interested teachers from public schools.


Following a lecture of November 27, 1919 requested by the Basel Department of Education, sixty members of the audience invited Rudolf Steiner to return and deliver a complete lecture course on his approach to education. These lectures are the result. Rudolf Steiner begins by outlining the gradual development of the child with the help of spiritual forces and enlightened educational practices, which form the basis for Steiner's approach to education. He describes the problems that modern educators face and provides practical solutions. Steiner explains the effects of morality on real freedom and how the development of a child's will leads to a free, flexible ability to think. He describes the life-long effects that teachers have on children through the ways they teach in the early grades. The subjects of these lectures cover a broad range, from the threefold nature of the human being to the teacher's responsibility toward their students' future; from arts such as music and eurythmy to the problems involved in training teachers; from zoology and botany to language, geography, and history. Like many of Steiner's lectures to public audiences, these are accessible and practical and provide a real overview to his ideas for renewing modern education.

Spiritual science and modern education / Threefold structure of the human being / Knowledge of the human being as the basis of education / The educator as the builder of the future content of the human soul / Some aspects of the curriculum / Eurythmic, musical, drawing and language lessons / Education as a problem of teacher training / Zoology and botany lessons from the 9th to the 12th year / Dialect and written language / Synthesis and analysis in the human being and in education / The rhythmic element in education / History and geography lessons / Children's play



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References to the work of Rudolf Steiner follow Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works (CW or GA), Rudolf Steiner Verlag, Dornach/Switzerland, unless otherwise stated.
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Index to the Complete Works of Rudolf Steiner - Aelzina Books
A complete list by Volume Number and a full list of known English translations you may also find at Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works
Rudolf Steiner Archive - The largest online collection of Rudolf Steiner's books, lectures and articles in English (by Steiner Online Library).
Rudolf Steiner Audio - Recorded and Read by Dale Brunsvold - Anthroposophic Press Inc. (USA)
Rudolf Steiner Handbook - Christian Karl's proven standard work for orientation in Rudolf Steiner's Collected Works for free download as PDF.